The 24 hour dental clinic of Dr. Julija Katkevica offers dental filling by using contemporary technologies and high quality materials. We only work with the best materials produced in Germany, Japan and the USA. We also offer aesthetic dental filling.
What is caries?
Caries or so-called “hole” is the most common type of dental damage. Almost every person has faced caries. Caries is the impairment of the hard dental tissue or enamel and dentin. The rate of development of caries is individual in every person and it is determined by several factors – hereditary factors, factors of external environment, use of medications, serious diseases, as well as human habits. If caries is not treated promptly, complications like inflammation of the tooth nerve (pulpitis), inflammation of the bone tissue (periodontitis) and inflammation of soft tissue of the bone (abscess) may develop.
Small caries-related defects are asymptomatic and therefore the patient is not aware of their existence. Sensitivity of the tooth is the sign of a deep caries (the tooth usually becomes sensitive to hot or cold thermal influences, or sweet taste. Sometimes the patient can notice an unpleasant smell from the mouth or feel an uneven surface with their tongue, notice a dark spot on the surface of the tooth or observe that food starts to get caught in the spaces between their teeth. Luckily, if the patient promptly visits the dentist, caries is easy to treat by a dental filling. Therefore, it is very important to visit a dentist for preventive purposes at least once per year. If pain develops, fillings alone will not be enough. At best, the tooth can be saved by treating root canals and filling later or by prosthetic therapy. In the worst case, the tooth must be removed.
When a patient arrives to the dentist with suspected caries, the physician performs a thorough inspection of the oral cavity. The examination methods are available at the round-the-clock service Dental Office of Dr Jūlija Katkeviča. This enables one to diagnose caries in the early phases (for more information on these methods, click here). Fillings and prosthetic therapy are the methods for the therapy of teeth with caries (depending on the volume of tissue lost).
Dental filling is usually performed under local anaesthesia.
When the anesthetic takes effect, the dentist may start the removal of carious masses or so-called “tooth drilling”(development of cavity). The dentist uses a drill to remove damaged tissue. Since the tissue of dentin is softer, tools with a lower rate of rotation are used to remove damaged dentin tissue. When carious tissue is completely removed, the site is disinfected and, after the application of the liner, filled with the filling material. The selection of the material depends on the amount of lost tissue, its location and the hygiene of the oral cavity. At the end of the procedure, the filling is polished and adjusted to the bite of the patient.
After the procedure
You should avoid eating during the effective period of anaesthesia (approximately 2 hours after dental filling). A preventive inspection is recommended in a year. If the caries is deep, a risk of nerve inflammation exists and, therefore, the control of tooth quality is recommended after half a year.
Types of fillings
Composite. The selection of material is very important, when filling teeth. Composite (essentially it is plastic) is a modern filling material. It is durable and available in a wide range of colours to meet aesthetic requirements. Composite materials are almost always used in contemporary dental filling procedures.
Amalgam. Silver filling or amalgam is mechanically more durable than composite. However, amalgam is not an aesthetically pleasing material and therefore, it is not used in the area of the front teeth. Currently amalgam is used in the area of lateral teeth and only for economic considerations. The drawback of amalgam is the fact that it causes cracks in the teeth. Metal alloy is harder than tooth tissue and it shrinks and dilates during the solidification process, which can negatively affect the tissue of the tooth. Limitations on the use of amalgam are adopted in the European Union. In certain countries of the world, amalgam is prohibited.
Glass ionomer. Glass ionomer fillings are commonly used for the filling of deciduous teeth as therapeutic fillings in the event of deep caries as well as under the conditions of poor oral cavity hygiene. The advantage of glass ionomer lies in its biological compatibility. The material attaches to dental tissue well and produces fluoride ions, thus protecting the teeth from the development of caries. This filling material is not suitable for aesthetic dental filling procedures. glass ionomer is the best material for the restoration of deciduous teeth.
Dental filling is a comparatively simple, fast and painless method of dental therapy.
The materials used at the round-the-clock service Dental Office of Dr. Julija Katkevica are high quality and modern.
There are several types of fillings that are chosen by the dentist based on the localisation of the damage, its volume and hygienic conditions.